Caravaggio (1571-1610) was an Italian painter who is considered as one of the fathers of modern paintings. Caravaggio abandoned the rules that had guided a century of artists who had idealized both the human and religious experience, he was known for his ability to realistically capture moments of human emotion often in violent depictions of Christianity's sacred stories and almost single handedly created the Baroque style. His extraordinary talent and society connections bailed him out of many troubles like killing a man in Rome in 1606. Caravaggio's brief career as a famous artist is marked by episodes of violent behavior and trouble with the law. In his art he mastered 'chiaroscuro', wa technique that uses light and dark to achieve a 3-D effect and he pioneered the modern tradition of Realism which is "paint what you see", using unique techniques that remain a secret. His Subjects in his painting were real live models, without planning the drawing which was unlikely to the masters at this era. He influenced many painters like Rubens, Rembrandt and Vermeer. For years his death remained a mystery, when he was on his way to Rome for a pardon of his crimes and was missing at sea. The contreversy was that some say he died of a fever and some said he was killed by one of his many enemies. By using his DNA of his recently recovered corpse to those of his ancestors, they found he died from the disease – Typhus.